Real World Graduation: Question 16

RealWorldGraduation_Question_16      <– PDF

Slavery in the Southern states was abolished in the U. S. after the Civil War with the ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution on 6 Dec 1865.  However, racism continued to be a problem, as exemplified by the so-called “Jim Crow” laws that began to be passed in the late 1880’s.  The Jim Crow laws consisted of provisions such as [1, 2]:

  1. Segregation of whites and blacks in restaurants, theaters, hospitals, public transportation, schools, and libraries. The facilities provided for blacks were generally inferior to those provided for whites.
  2. Literacy tests were applied to black voters, but exemptions made for illiterate whites.
  3. Poll taxes on black people, but waived for whites.
  4. Prohibition of racial intermarriages and curfews that applied only to black people.
  5. Railroading black people into long jail sentences for minor infractions, then paroling them to large landowners, who worked them as slaves.
  6. Occasional lynching’s by the KKK and other white supremacy groups to keep the black people in fear (approximately 4950 lynchings occurred between 1880 and 1968)
  7. Black people were prohibited from owning guns.

Based on the above facts, what were the primary underlying objectives of the Jim Crow laws?

a) Allowed the Republican Party to suppress the black votes and keep them in fear because they could not defend themselves.

b) Allowed the Republican Party to take advantage of black people by keeping them in poverty relative to whites.

c) Allowed the Republican Party to perpetuate the falsehood that blacks were inferior and could not be trusted.

d) Allowed the Republican Party to keep the blacks isolated and ignorant by preventing them from achieving the same educational level as the whites.

e) All of the above

(See answer on p. 2 of the PDF.)


[1]   Ronald L. F. Davis, Ph. D, “Creating Jim Crow: In Depth Essay”, see (

[2]   Clayton E. Cramer, “The Racist Roots of Gun Control”, (see


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